Geopolitical, ideological, and socio-economic quandaries will continue to haunt processes of normalization in the Middle East subsequent to the US’s gradual withdrawal from the region. Underlying issues remain unresolved despite diplomatic relaxation, and the power vacuum left behind by the US has the potential to rekindle regional rivalries and trigger proxy wars worse than those seen under the Obama and Trump administrations.
The much-anticipated meeting between US President Joe Biden and his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan failed to address even the most pressing issues. For all we know, which isn’t a lot, the leaders will enter into more substantive discussions later. But on what? They didn’t even announce what was spoken about.
Espousing different political leanings (from right- to left-wing) and exhibiting varying degrees of intensity (whether rarely or frequently employing divisive rhetoric), at least five of Latin America’s current presidents can be seen as embodying the populist ideology.
The US’s inability to adapt its grand strategy to a post-Cold War world order can be seen as the root of many of today’s global problems. By continuing to employ an adversarial as opposed to conciliatory approach, the US will continue to embolden its enemies and isolate its allies. Yet US commitment to the fundamentals of its alliances and the world order may be more durable than we give it credit.
Many people in Washington viewed that there are three pillars of the U.S- Turkey relationship: first is the shared values of democracy, second is Turkey as a key NATO ally in countering Russia and the third pillar is about Turkey’s regional importance.
Former US National Security Advisor John Bolton’s book, “The Room Where It Happened”, provides us with a unique glimpse into Trump’s White House and decision-making process.
Contrary to conventional wisdom, we found that most AKP supporters were not meaningfully Islamist in their political views, and that nativism and jingoism could be seen as far more powerful forces than religious conservatism in many ways.
Bruce W. Jentleson: Contrast between Biden’s Competence and Trump’s Narcissism could actually make Biden a stronger Candidate even without COVID-19
The world has changed fundamentally over the last 10 or 15 years. It has changed in ways that were already beginning to erode the pillars of the liberal international order.